Guidelines for Contributors


Articles for ICON are chosen by peer review, using a double blind process so that the author and referees are unknown to each other.  Authors should place their name only on a separate title page and remove any self-referencing notes.

Submission of an article implies the author’s assurance that the content has not previously been published in form or in substance and that the article itself is not under consideration elsewhere.  Only in quite special circumstances will previously published article or one derived from a previously published work be considered.  If there is any question concerning the contribution, the editor must be informed.

The journal appears annually, and its language is English.  Authors are responsible for ensuring that copyright has not been infringed and also that copyright clearance for all illustrations has been obtained. Submissions should be sent to the editor directly; see contact information below.

Submission procedure.

Please send your manuscript electronically as a MS Word .doc or RTF attachment to an e-mail to the editor at  If you cannot submit your manuscript electronically, please contact the editor for other methods of submission.

Manuscripts must have a title page on which the name of the author in full, postal address and e-mail address appear beneath the title of the submission.  Include an abstract of about 150 words before the main text.  Manuscripts should be typed in double spacing with wide margins.  Notes must be typed as endnotes.  All pages, including the endnotes, must be numbered consecutively.  Use the same size typeface (e.g, Times New Roman, 12 pt.), large enough for easy correction, for both text and endnotes.  Check the manuscript carefully for errors and omissions before submission.

Length, format and style

We try to limit articles to 7,500 words (not including notes) and to 100 notes. If you are determined to exceed those limits significantly, please consult the editor first; excessively long articles may be returned to the author without review.

Spelling should follow the Oxford Spelling Dictionary (Oxford, 2005), relying on U.K. English usage.  Quotations of more than two sentences or four lines should be indented without quotation marks.  Shorter quotations in the text should be enclosed in single quotation marks.  Use double quotation marks for any quotation within a quotation.


Do not embed illustrations or tables in the text.  Images should be submitted as separate files in either .tiff or .jpg format.  Images should be of at least 300 dpi resolution (preferably higher); line art should be 600 dpi resolution.  Line drawings should be done in black ink on white background, and photographs or photocopies should be clear and sharp.  The preferred location of each illustration should be indicated by placing a caption in the body of the text where reference to it is made.  Illustrations must amplify the text.  Each should be numbered and supplied with a caption which should also cite the source.  Authors are responsible for obtaining that written permission for the use of illustrations which are covered by copyright; permissions must be obtained before the article goes to print.

Book reviews and review essays

Book and exhibit reviews are commissioned. ICON will decline unsolicited reviews, but we appreciate having books that should be reviewed in ICON brought to our attention.  If you wish to add your name to our database of reviewers, please write directly to the editor.  Indicate the areas in the history of technology in which you are interested, both broadly and specifically.

ICON editorial office

Hermione Giffard, Ph.D.
Utrecht University
The Netherlands

Preparation of notes and references

ICON generally follows Turabian’s style manual, 7th edition, which is a somewhat simplified version of the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), 15th edition.  All papers should be rigorously documented, with full references to primary and secondary sources.  Cite as follows for books:

1. J.W. Haefele, Creativity and Innovation (New York, 1962), 56-8.  An immediate subsequent citation should use Ibid., and if not immediately following the original should use a shortened title: Haefele, Creativity, 77 .  Show the first name/s in full if there is reason.  If more than five references away from the full citation: Haefele, Creativity (n. 1 above), 78.

For articles, cite as follows:

2. J. Tann, ‘Richard Arkwright and technology’, History, 58 (1973): 29-44.  An immediate subsequent citation should use Ibid., and if not immediately following the original should use a shortened title: Tann, ‘Arkwright’, 143.  Show the first name/s in full if there is reason. If more than five references away from the full citation: Tann, ‘Arkwright’ (n. 2 above), 144.

For electronic references, cite as follows:

3. James Gilliam, ‘History of Sailing Yacht Masts, Rigging and Sails: 1900-Present day, Part III – Sail Materials and Technology,’ (accessed June 22, 2009).  For subsequent citations follow the method for book and articles.

For manuscripts, government reports and other references, follow generally practiced CMS formatting.