Volume 20.2 (2014)


John B. Stranges
Mr. Chrysler’s Building: Merging Design and Technology In in the Machine Age, pp. 1-19
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Anika Schleinzer
Rehearsed Technology: The Definition of  Technical Toys in the Early Twentieth Century, pp. 20-39
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Klaus Staubermann
The Transfer of Shipbuilding Knowledge: Reconstructing HMAS Warrego, Part 1, pp. 40-48
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Francesc X. Barca Salom
Heating and Ventilation in Barcelona in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century, pp. 49-69
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Sławomir Łotysz
A ‘Lasting Memorial’ to the UNNRA? Implementation of the Penicillin Plant Programme in Poland, 1946–1949, pp. 70-91
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Stefan Krebs and Melissa Van Drie
The Art of Stethoscope Use: Diagnostic Listening Practices of Medical Physicians and ‘Auto Doctors’, pp. 92-114
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Malcolm R. Hill
Russian Iron and Steel Production from 1800–1860, pp. 125-150
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This article is a study of Russian iron production during the first six decades of the nineteenth century, immediately following three previous decades when Russia had been the world’s largest producer of bar iron and just prior to the repeal of serfdom in 1861. The article shows that Russian production of bar iron doubled between 1800 and 1860 through a combination of improvements in previously proven processes and adaptation of other technologies from abroad to suit resource availabilities.
Although Russian fineries had manufactured high quality products throughout the previous century, it became important for ironmasters to reduce fuel costs in order to remain competitive, particularly in conditions of reduced access to previous export markets after 1800. The Urals region continued as the country’s major iron producer, but Uralian coal was unsuitable for use in both smelting and fining. Thus, it became necessary for Russian ironmasters to reduce charcoal consumption or remove the need for coaling. The article surveys the prime examples of innovations to achieve those aims: the more charcoal-efficient Franche-Comtois (kontuazskii or malokrichnyi) fining process and the ‘puddling’ method adapted to use firewood.
In order to meet the growing demand for pig iron in both fineries and puddling furnaces from 1800 to 1860, the capacity of blast furnaces increased significantly in spite of the friability of charcoal compared to coke, although improvements in fuel utilisation during smelting were fairly modest. Uralian ironmasters also preferred the continued use of abundant water resources for power rather than widespread adoption of steam engines. [ /read] Full text:
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Kranzberg Lecture

Alex Herlea
The History of Technology and European Unity, pp. 151-165
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Journal Review

Maria Elvira Callapez and Vanessa Silva
‘Beyond the Academy – Histories of Gender and Knowledge’, pp. 166-172
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Book Reviews

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Erik van der Vleuten
Network Neutrality: Switzerland’s Role in the Genesis of the Telegraph Union, 1855–1875 by Gabriele Balbi, Simone Fari, Giuseppe Richeri and Spartaco Calvo (pp. 173-174)

Hanna Vikström
Scarcity and Frontiers: How Economies Have Developed through Natural Resource Exploitation by Edward Barbier (pp. 175-177)

Sonja Neumann
Nazi Soundscapes: Sound, Technology and Urban Space in Germany, 1933–1945 by Carolyn Birdsall (pp. 177-178)

Alexios Zavras
In Search of Certainty: The Science of our Information Infrastructure by Mark Burgess (pp. 178-180)

Kai Jakobs
Standards: Recipes for Reality by Lawrence Busch (pp. 180-181)

Antoni Roca-Rosell
Engineers and the Making of the Franco Regime by Lino Camprubí (pp. 182-185)

Anthony N. Stranges
Energy Capitals: Local Impact, Global Influence by Joseph Pratt, Martin Melosi, Kathleen Brosnan (pp. 185-187)

Rudi Volti
American Railroads: Decline and Renaissance in the Twentieth Century by Robert E. Gallamore, John R. Meyer (pp. 188-189)

Artemis Yagou
Bicycle Design: An Illustrated History by Tony Hadland, Hans-Erhard Lessing (pp. 189-191)

Hans-Joachim Braun
The Psychophysical Ear: Musical Experiments, Experimental Sounds, 1840–1910 by Alexandra Hui (pp. 191-193)

Michael Schuering
The Disaster Experts: Mastering Risk in Modern America by Scott Gabriel Knowles (pp. 193-194)

Bart Tritsmans
Greening Berlin: The Co-Production of Science, Politics, and Urban Nature by Jens Lachmund (pp. 194-195)

Kathryn Nathenson
Cold War Kitchen: Americanization, Technology, and European Users by Ruth Oldenziel, Karin Zachmann (pp. 196-197)

Erland Mårald
A Gap in the Grid: Attempts to Introduce Natural Gas in Sweden 1967–1991 by Anna Åberg (pp. 197-200)

Penny Sparke
Aluminum Dreams: The Making of Light Modernity by Mimi Shelter (pp. 200-201)

Jan Kunnas
The Nuclear Age in Popular Media: A Transnational History, 1945–1965 by Dick Van Lente (pp. 201-203)

John Z. Langrish
Paul Lauterbur and the Invention of MRI by M. Joan Dawson; Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India by Amit Prasad (pp. 203-205)

Michael Geselowitz
Electrifying Europe: The Power of Europe in the Construction of Electricity Networks. (Foundation for the History of Technology, Technology and European History Series) by Vincent Lagendijk, Ruth Oldenziel, Johan Schot (pp. 206-207)